Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) or Dhaniya is a herb in the family Apiaceae. It is also known as Chinese parsley, or cilantro .Coriander has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, Unani. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds (as a spice) are the parts most traditionally used in cooking.
Coriander Leaves: The fresh leaves are widely used to garnish vegetables, soup, fish and meat. Dhaniya chutney is savoured across many states of India especially in north. As heat diminishes their flavour, coriander leaves are often used raw or added to the dish immediately before serving. In Indian and Central Asian recipes, coriander leaves are used in large amounts and cooked until the flavour diminishes. The leaves spoil quickly when removed from the plant, and lose their aroma when dried or frozen.
Coriander seeds: The word “coriander” in food preparation may refer solely to these dried seeds (as a spice), rather than to the plant. It is described as warm, nutty, spicy, and orange-flavoured. They are used extensively for grinding and blending purposes in the spice trade. Types with smaller fruit are produced in temperate regions and usually have a volatile oil content around 0.4-1.8%, so are highly valued as a raw material for the preparation of essential oil. Roasted coriander seeds, called dhana dal, are eaten as a snack. They are the main ingredient of the two south Indian dishes sambhar and rasam.
Coriander seeds are also used in brewing certain styles of beer, particularly some Belgian wheat beers. The coriander seeds are used with orange peel to add a citrus character. Coriander seed is one of the main traditional ingredients in the South African Boerewors, a spiced mixed-meat sausage.
Coriander roots: Although coriander roots are not essentially used in Indian household but they have much stronger essence and flavour as compared to its leaves. These roots are used in many Asian dishes especially Thai food.
Coriander is rich in many vitamins and minerals. Raw coriander leaves are 92% water, 4% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and less than 1% fat. The nutritional profile of coriander seeds is different from the fresh stems or leaves. In a 100 gram reference amount, leaves are particularly rich in vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin K, with moderate content of dietary minerals. Although seeds generally have lower content of vitamins, they do provide significant amounts of dietary fiber, calcium, selenium, iron, magnesium and manganese.
10 health benefits of Coriander—
Its incredible list of healing properties include antioxidant, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory.
1. For Digestion: coriander eases the digestive process and thus, can be used to treat digestion related problems and also gives relief from bloating and gas. Coriander powder must be used in food especially during monsoons.
2. Boosts Immunity: In Indian households, a spoon of turmeric in a glass of warm milk is considered to be an amazing solution for boosting immunity. It protects against a number of flues contagious disease.
3. Anti-inflammatory: Coriander is known for its anti-inflammatory properties— it can heal infections. Many brain ailments, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and multiple sclerosis, are associated with inflammation.
Coriander’s anti-inflammatory properties may safeguard against these diseases.
4. For Diabetic patients: turmeric is highly beneficial in controlling blood sugar levels. It is specifically important for type 2 diabetes.
5. For heart health: Coriander extract appears to act as a diuretic, helping your body flush excess sodium and water. This may lower your blood pressure. It also regulates cholesterol and takes care of overall heart health.
6. Anti-Ageing: Coriander is known for its anti-oxidant property. The oxidant are known to damage the cells and cause skin ageing. The antioxidant destroys these free radicals in the body that damage the cells.
7. Anxiety and stress: Coriander extract is nearly as effective as Diazepam, a common anxiety medication, at reducing symptoms of this condition.
8. For Skin Health: Coriander leaf juice help alleviate skin conditions like acne, pigmentation, oiliness, or dryness.
9. For kidney detox: Coriander seeds are effective for treating urinary tract infections as they improve the filtration rate of kidneys enabling quicker urine generation. It leads to lower water retention in the body and allows it to flush out toxins and microbes.
10. For weight loss: Coriander works wonders in increasing metabolism rate and thus aids weight loss.
Safety caution: Coriander can cause allergic reactions. Symptoms of such reactions can include asthma, nasal swelling, hives, or swelling inside the mouth. These reactions appear to be most common in people who work with spices in the food industry.