Turmeric is a perennial, rizhomatous plant native to southeast Asia. The rhizomes are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are ground into a bright orange-yellow powder commonly used as a coloring and flavoring agent in many Asian cuisines, especially for curries, as well as for dyeing. Turmeric powder has a warm, citrusy bitter and earthy, mustard-like aroma.
Turmeric has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, Unani. It was first used as a dye, and then later for its supposed properties in folk medicine.
Turmeric powder contains about 60–70% carbohydrates, 6–13% water, 6–8% protein, 5–10% fat, 3–7% dietary minerals, 3–7% essential oils, 2–7% dietary fiber, an 1–6% curcuminoids
Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric. It has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and is a very strong antioxidant. However, the curcumin content of turmeric is not that high. It’s around 3%, by weight. For better absorption of curcumin black pepper should be consumed.
10 health benefits of turmeric—
Its incredible list of healing properties include antioxidant, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory.
- For liver : Turmeric increases the production of the vital enzymes that detoxify our liver by breaking down and reducing the toxins. Turmeric plays instrumental role in promoting good liver health by detoxifying and improving blood circulation.
- Boosts Immunity: In Indian households, a spoon of turmeric in a glass of warm milk is considered to be an amazing solution for boosting immunity. Drinking turmeric milk protects against a number of flues contagious diseases.
- Anti-inflammatory: Turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory properties— it can heal any burn, cut or infection. The antiseptic properties of turmeric aids fast healing and recovery of wounds. It is also helpful in acidity and heartburn.
- Boosts Memory: the curcumin plays important role in repairing stem cells, that can help in recovery from stroke and Alzheimer and also improve memory.
- For Diabetic patients: turmeric is highly beneficial in controlling blood sugar levels. It is specifically important for type 2 diabetes. It is highly effective in controlling blood sugar but if taken with high power medicine it can drop sugar to dangerously low level. Therefore, proper care should be taken while consuming turmeric supplements.
- For Digestion: Raw turmeric can be used to treat digestion related problems and also gives relief from bloating and gas.
- For Arthritis: Anybody suffering from the condition should consume the spice on a daily basis to relieve themselves of mild joint pains and inflammation, though it should be understood that it does not stand as a substitute for medication.
- Anti-Ageing: Turmeric is known for its anti-oxidant property. The oxidant are known to damage the cells and cause skin ageing. The antioxidant destroys the free radicals in the body that damage the cells.
- In treating Cancer: Tumeric also has anti- carcinogenic property daily use of turmeric can not only prevent cancer but also can treat it.
- For respiratory problems: Essential oils extracted from turmeric oil exhibits antifungal properties and is active against respiratory tract viruses such as those causing flu. The oil may help remove sputum, relive cough and prevent asthma.
Safety caution: Although turmeric is known for its multiple benefits, it should be taken in moderate amount— excess of it can cause an upset stomach, nausea and dizziness. Especially, if you take turmeric capsules or supplements in high amounts, it can prove to be detrimental to your health.
Turmeric contains oxalates that may increase the risk of developing kidney stones. Excess turmeric consumption may inhibit the absorption of iron.